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Cutting System: 3-5
Fall Dormancy: 3.0
Winter Survival: Hardy
Total DRI: 23/30
Disease & Pest Control:
Phytophthora Root Rot: HR
Verticillium Wilt: R
Bacterial Wilt: R
Fusarium Wilt: R
Aphanomyces Race 1: LR
Aphanomyces Race 2: NR
Pea Aphid: MR
Potato Leafhopper: NR
Stem Nematode: R
Drought Tolerance: Med
Winter Hardiness: Med
Yield Potential: High
Grazing Tolerance: High
HR = Highly Resistant, 51% or more resistant plants
R = Resistant, 31 – 50% resistant plants
MR = Moderately Resistant, 15 – 30% resistant plants
LR = Low Resistance, 6 – 14% resistant plants
S = Susceptible, 0 – 5% resistant plants
NR = Not Rated
Alone (lbs./acre): 15-20
Mixes (lbs./acre): 8-10
Depth (in.): 1/4 (fine textured soil); 1/2 (sandy soil)
Emergence (days): 7
Life Cycle: Perennial
Grows best on deep, well-drained, friable soil with pH 6.5-7.5.
Plant alfalfa seed in clean, smooth, firm seedbed with adequate moisture. Ensure good surface drainage. Do not seed as first crop on newly leveled land where fill may settle and cause poor surface drainage. A combination drill and packer is desirable. Cultipack soil before and after seeding to help stand establishment.
Spring seeding can occur 30 days before last killing frost. Late summer-sown alfalfa seed can also be successful. Allow for adequate growth prior to first killing frost.
Graze early bloom (1/4 in. bloom) to 2 in. Potential bloat hazard. Use caution when grazing. Alfalfa best withstands grazing if rotated frequently or grazed in small strips.
Hay or Haylage Harvest:
Cut early bloom; last cutting should be 3-4 wks. before first killing frost.
Scale 1-9, where 9 = best or most pronounced